Why Is Appalachia So Poor?

How poor is Appalachia?

The Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC) reports on Appalachian statistics such as poverty, income, and employment.

According to their 2010-2014 Poverty Rate report, poverty rates across the US was 15.6% compared to 19.7% in the combined Appalachian regions of Alabama, Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia..

What causes inbreeding?

Inbreeding may result in a greater than expected phenotypic expression of deleterious recessive alleles within a population. As a result, first-generation inbred individuals are more likely to show physical and health defects, including: Reduced fertility both in litter size and sperm viability.

Where is inbreeding most common?

Inbreeding describes unions between couples known to share at least one common ancestor. While now rare in most Western societies, 20 percent to over 50 percent of current marriages in regions such as North Africa, West, Central, and South Asia are between couples related as second cousins or closer.

What we get wrong about Appalachia?

It’s called “What You Are Getting Wrong About Appalachia.” ELIZABETH CATTE: There’s a projection of his realities onto the lives of everybody in the region, and it’s not in my mind accidental. It’s right there in the subtitle of the book. It’s a memoir of a family, but is also a memoir of a culture in crisis.

Why do people live in Appalachia?

Many people now living in the Appalachian Mountains are descendents of Scot-Irish who immigrated to America in the 1700s. Many left Europe in order to seek a better life and to escape religious persecution. As the colonies began to get more populated, settlers began to push farther west.

Are Appalachians inbred?

Research on intrafamilial marriage in such enclaves is slim. In 1980, anthropologist Robert Tincher published a study titled “Night Comes to the Chromosomes: Inbreeding and Population Genetics in Southern Appalachia,” based on 140 years’ worth of marriage records. He concluded that “inbreeding levels in Appalachia …

Where did the people of Appalachia come from?

The earliest European immigrants into the Appalachian frontier came from eastern Pennsylvania. Around 1720 the German and Scotch-Irish populations around Philadelphia began to move first into central Pennsylvania, then southward into the Shenandoah Valley.

What does Appalachia mean?

Appalachia (/ˌæpəˈleɪtʃə, -leɪʃə, -lætʃə/) is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia.

What is the cause of Appalachian poverty?

Environmental reasons for poverty include physical isolation from the rugged mountain terrain, lack of any economic development, and sparse population. In the case of Appalachian Kentucky, the isolation and rugged terrain have made the introduction of any economic development implausible, if not impossible.

Are there Inbreds in West Virginia?

Inbreeding in Appalachia is one many stereotypes, perpetuated by movies and even Vice President Dick Cheney in 2008 at a National Press Club Event: “We have Cheneys on both sides of the family, and we don’t even live in West Virginia!” Now D.C.-based law firm Crowell & Moring is citing Appalachian inbreeding as a way …

Is Georgia part of Appalachia?

It includes all of West Virginia and parts of 12 other states: Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia.

What race is a melungeon?

Historically, Melungeons were associated with the Cumberland Gap area of central Appalachia, which includes portions of East Tennessee, Southwest Virginia, and eastern Kentucky. Tri-racial describes populations thought to be of mixed European, African and Native American ancestry.

What is Appalachia famous for?

In fact, Appalachian culture is known for its literature and music. Traditional Appalachian music developed from Irish and Scottish fiddle music. African-American blues musicians introduced the banjo in the late 1700s, and the instrument has become a prominent symbol of the music of the region.

When did humans stop inbreeding?

Early humans seem to have recognised the dangers of inbreeding at least 34,000 years ago, and developed surprisingly sophisticated social and mating networks to avoid it, new research has found.